Tree Climbing Equipment}

Tree Climbing Equipment

by

Susan J Morris

While you might believe that tree climbing is just for that professional, increasing numbers of people are showing a desire for it. Repairmen and tree surgeons were only seen up trees however with the current curiosity about climbing trees more average individuals are giving it a go out. If you wish to do this activity out then you will have to make sure that you buy the right kind of tree climbing equipment. This can make sure that you are stored safe while in the trees and can help you within the tree climbing.

This unusual activity is fast-becoming a well known sport people these days do some kind of tree climbing every weekend. It’s a very healthy sport to consider and can have a level of skill that you should have the ability to scale in the different trees. Even youngsters are taking for this adventurous new sport and loving every minute from it. Before you begin, you will have to find the correct tree climbing equipment to make sure that you’re safe about the trees. If you purchase the right safety equipment then there is a tree climbing simpler and fun to complete.

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Safety is essential when climbing up trees and you ought to view the fundamentals and what safety equipment you’ll need. You need to make sure that you write a listing of all of the equipment for climbing trees that you’ll want after which visit a proper sports shop to buy them. Headgears are among the vital items because this will safeguard your mind should you fall. Your helmet should fit perfectly and never be too tight so you should attempt a number of different ones on before you discover the perfect one for the mind. They ought to come with an underneath the face strap to keep it into place and be sure it does not move whenever you shake your mind.

Ropes would be the next important bit of climbing equipment and you ought to make sure that you have each of the designs you’ll need. You will find two primary kinds of ropes, they are stretchable and also the static rope. Static ropes can be used for anchoring and really should be sufficiently strong to secure your weight when tree climbing. You have to consider along rope that you’ll want that will rely on how big the tree you goal to climb. If you’re in a doubt from the ropes you’ll need you need to request for specialist.

Additionally, you will need harnesses that are an essential bit of tree climbing equipment. You are able to pick one that you simply put on around your waist or even the larger one which you put on in your chest. If you would like, you can put on each of them but you have to make sure that they can fit properly plus they aren’t too tight. Spikes will also be very handy when climbing trees because they will help you grip the tree and never slip down again. After you have all of the right equipment for tree climbing you’ll be able to spend hrs getting fun and adventure going through the trees.

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}

Predictable random number generator discovered in the Debian version of OpenSSL

Friday, May 16, 2008

A major security hole was discovered in the pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) of the Debian version of OpenSSL. OpenSSL is one of the most used cryptographic software, that allows the creation of secure network connections with the protocols called SSL and TLS. It is included in many popular computer programs, like the Mozilla Firefox web browser and the Apache web server. Debian is one of the most used GNU/Linux distributions, on which are based other distributions, like Ubuntu and Knoppix. The problem affects all the Debian-based distributions that were used to create cryptographic keys since the September 17, 2006. The bug was discovered by Luciano Bello, an argentine Debian package maintainer, and was announced on May 13, 2008.

This vulnerability was caused by the removal of two lines of code from the original version of the OpenSSL library. These lines were used to gather some entropy data by the library, needed to seed the PRNG used to create private keys, on which the secure connections are based. Without this entropy, the only dynamic data used was the PID of the software. Under Linux the PID can be a number between 1 and 32,768, that is a too small range of values if used to seed the PRNG and will cause the generation of predictable numbers. Therefore any key generated can be predictable, with only 32,767 possible keys for a given architecture and key length, and the secrecy of the network connections created with those keys is fully compromised.

These lines were removed as “suggested” by two audit tools (Valgrind and Purify) used to find vulnerabilities in the software distributed by Debian. These tools warned the Debian maintainers that some data was used before its initialization, that normally can lead to a security bug, but this time it was not the case, as the OpenSSL developers wrote on March 13, 2003. Anyway this change was erroneously applied on September 17, 2006, when the OpenSSL Debian version 0.9.8c-1 was released to the public.

Even though the Debian maintainer responsible for this software released a patch to fix this bug on May 8, 2008, the impact may be severe. In fact OpenSSL is commonly used in software to protect the passwords, to offer privacy and security. Any private key created with this version of OpenSSL is weak and must be replaced, included the session keys that are created and used only temporary. This means that any data encrypted with these keys can be decrypted without a big deal, even if these keys are used (but not created) with a version of the library not affected, like the ones included in other operating systems.

For example any web server running under any operating system may use a weak key created on a vulnerable Debian-based system. Any encrypted connection (HTTPS) to this web server established by any browser can be decrypted. This may be a serious problem for sites that requires a secure connection, like banks or private web sites. Also, if some encrypted connection was recorded in the past, it can be decrypted in the same way.

Another serious problem is for the network security software, like OpenSSH and OpenVPN, that are used to encrypt the traffic to protect passwords and grant the access to an administrative console or a private network protected by firewalls. This may allows hackers to gain unwanted access to private computers, networks or data traveled over the network, even if a not affected version of OpenSSL was used.

The same behavior can be applied to any software or protocol that use SSL, like POP3S, SSMTP, FTPS, if used with a weak key. This is the case of Tor, software used to offer strong anonymity on the TCP/IP, where about 300 of 1,500-2,000 nodes used a weak key. With 15-20% of weak Tor nodes, there is a probability of 0.34-0.8% circa to build a circuit that has all tree nodes weak, resulting in a full loss of anonymity. Also the case of only one weak node begin used may facilitate some types of attack to the anonymity. The Tor hidden services, a sort of anonymous public servers, are affected too. However the issue was speedly addressed on May 14, 2008.

The same problem also interested anonymous remailers like Mixmaster and Mixminion, that use OpenSSL to create the remailer keys for the servers and the nym keys for the clients. Although currently there is no official announcement, at least two remailer changed their keys because were weak.

Girl killed by falling tree

Wednesday, February 2, 2005

Sydney, Australia –A 16 year old Sydney student was killed when a 10 metre gum tree fell on the tent in which she was sleeping.

Another girl sleeping beside her was unharmed.

The accident occurred at 1:30am AEDT at a campsite near Wombeyan Caves. The girl was participating in an overnight leadership camp with Sydney’s private Queenwood School for Girls.

Severe storms have lashed the east coast of Australia for the past few days.

Predictable random number generator discovered in the Debian version of OpenSSL

Friday, May 16, 2008

A major security hole was discovered in the pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) of the Debian version of OpenSSL. OpenSSL is one of the most used cryptographic software, that allows the creation of secure network connections with the protocols called SSL and TLS. It is included in many popular computer programs, like the Mozilla Firefox web browser and the Apache web server. Debian is one of the most used GNU/Linux distributions, on which are based other distributions, like Ubuntu and Knoppix. The problem affects all the Debian-based distributions that were used to create cryptographic keys since the September 17, 2006. The bug was discovered by Luciano Bello, an argentine Debian package maintainer, and was announced on May 13, 2008.

This vulnerability was caused by the removal of two lines of code from the original version of the OpenSSL library. These lines were used to gather some entropy data by the library, needed to seed the PRNG used to create private keys, on which the secure connections are based. Without this entropy, the only dynamic data used was the PID of the software. Under Linux the PID can be a number between 1 and 32,768, that is a too small range of values if used to seed the PRNG and will cause the generation of predictable numbers. Therefore any key generated can be predictable, with only 32,767 possible keys for a given architecture and key length, and the secrecy of the network connections created with those keys is fully compromised.

These lines were removed as “suggested” by two audit tools (Valgrind and Purify) used to find vulnerabilities in the software distributed by Debian. These tools warned the Debian maintainers that some data was used before its initialization, that normally can lead to a security bug, but this time it was not the case, as the OpenSSL developers wrote on March 13, 2003. Anyway this change was erroneously applied on September 17, 2006, when the OpenSSL Debian version 0.9.8c-1 was released to the public.

Even though the Debian maintainer responsible for this software released a patch to fix this bug on May 8, 2008, the impact may be severe. In fact OpenSSL is commonly used in software to protect the passwords, to offer privacy and security. Any private key created with this version of OpenSSL is weak and must be replaced, included the session keys that are created and used only temporary. This means that any data encrypted with these keys can be decrypted without a big deal, even if these keys are used (but not created) with a version of the library not affected, like the ones included in other operating systems.

For example any web server running under any operating system may use a weak key created on a vulnerable Debian-based system. Any encrypted connection (HTTPS) to this web server established by any browser can be decrypted. This may be a serious problem for sites that requires a secure connection, like banks or private web sites. Also, if some encrypted connection was recorded in the past, it can be decrypted in the same way.

Another serious problem is for the network security software, like OpenSSH and OpenVPN, that are used to encrypt the traffic to protect passwords and grant the access to an administrative console or a private network protected by firewalls. This may allows hackers to gain unwanted access to private computers, networks or data traveled over the network, even if a not affected version of OpenSSL was used.

The same behavior can be applied to any software or protocol that use SSL, like POP3S, SSMTP, FTPS, if used with a weak key. This is the case of Tor, software used to offer strong anonymity on the TCP/IP, where about 300 of 1,500-2,000 nodes used a weak key. With 15-20% of weak Tor nodes, there is a probability of 0.34-0.8% circa to build a circuit that has all tree nodes weak, resulting in a full loss of anonymity. Also the case of only one weak node begin used may facilitate some types of attack to the anonymity. The Tor hidden services, a sort of anonymous public servers, are affected too. However the issue was speedly addressed on May 14, 2008.

The same problem also interested anonymous remailers like Mixmaster and Mixminion, that use OpenSSL to create the remailer keys for the servers and the nym keys for the clients. Although currently there is no official announcement, at least two remailer changed their keys because were weak.

Breast Cancer Medication And Info For You

Submitted by: Jenny Heart

Both women and men can get the disease, but women are 100 times more likely to get it than men. While you can’t guarantee the prevention of breast cancer by exercising, eating healthily, and being aware of changes in your body, such actions that are normally attributed to a healthy lifestyle can greatly reduce the risk of breast cancer. Also, it is the fifth leading cause of death by cancer in women worldwide. These breast cancer statistics are certainly sobering, but they help us put the problem into a perspective that translates to a dire need for women to take preventative steps throughout their lives, not just when they become candidates for mammography around age 40.

At minimum, women should be performing self-breast examinations once a month and getting breast health exams from their physicians at least once annually. Self-examinations are key. Monthly self-exams for pre-menopausal women should be done several days after menstruation to get the most accurate results. Menopausal women should perform their self-exams on the same day of each month.

Genetics and environmental factors certainly play a part in the development of breast cancer, but even if you have no incidence of it in your family, you shouldn’t rely on genetic luck alone to keep you in the clear. Living healthily is a major key to breast cancer prevention. Alcohol, for instance, should be used in moderation and use of tobacco should be limited, if not cut out altogether. We’ve already mentioned healthy eating, exercise, and self-breast exams, but there are also behaviors that put us at risk that are well within our abilities to control. Both of these behaviors have been linked to higher incidence of breast cancer in women, not to mention all the other health problems that can arise. Overweight and obese women are also at greater risk, especially if the weight was gained post-menopause.

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Next time you’re with a group of friends, in a mall or on a crowded street, remember this: 1 in 8 women born in the U.S. will get breast cancer. While some of us are more at risk than others, either due to genetics, environmental factors, lifestyle choices or a combination thereof, none of us are immune or invincible. This alone is good enough reason to become more aware and to spread that awareness to everyone you know.

There is no known breast cancer medication or “cure” as of yet, but a great deal of scientific energy is being channeled toward that end. Thankfully, there are numerous research foundations, societies and organizations large and small wholeheartedly dedicated to this fight. The battle for each of us as individuals, however, begins at home. Whether we have been diagnosed with breast cancer or not, we can all play a part in spreading awareness and valuable breast cancer info. Prevention and early detection are the best assurances we have. And sometimes, no matter what we do to reduce our risk, we still end up on the front lines among the 12.7% of women in the United States who will develop the disease at some point during their lives.

About the Author: By Jenny Heart. Research

breast cancer medication

through extensive

breast cancer info

resource site. Find doctors,

breast cancer statistics

and patient stories.

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Australian man arrested at U.S. Capitol building

Tuesday, April 12, 2005

A 33-year old visitor to the United States, named Wen Hao Zhao from Sydney, Australia, was arrested at the Capitol building on Monday, after he was observed by police standing in a “statue-like pose” and carrying two suitcases.

When confronted by officers of the United States Capitol Police (USCP) who were called to the scene at 12:45 p.m. EST, he is reported to have been unresponsive to questioning. “He only would say at first that he wanted to speak to President Bush,” according to USCP Chief Terrance W. Gainer. Some reports suggest that the man was limited or unresponsive in his use of English.

The West Lawn area next to the Capitol building and an adjacent part of 1st Street was evacuated and tourists were briefly prevented from entering the building on the possibility that the suitcases may have contained a bomb.

Authorities X-rayed the bags and examined them for over 3 hours. One bag was found to contain only clothing. The other bag, which apparently was thought to contain wiring which might belong to an explosive device, was destroyed on-site with a water cannon; after which, the bag was found to have contained only common items such as a CD player, batteries, and a watch.

Zhao was arrested at 1:45 p.m. EST without resistance on charges of disorderly conduct; other more serious charges could be filed. However, Allen Doody of U.S. Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has indicated plans to deport Zhao back to Australia within a few days without charges. “We do not plan to charge him,” Doody said.

Zhao is dual-nationality Chinese-Australian, who entered the US legally on his Australian passport less than a week ago.

CanadaVOTES: Libertarian John Kittridge in St. Paul’s

Monday, October 13, 2008

In an attempt to speak with as many candidates as possible during the 2008 Canadian federal election, Wikinews has talked via email with John Kittredge. John is a candidate in Toronto, Ontario’s St. Paul riding, running under the Libertarian Party banner. Libertarians are a minor, registered political party; they are looking to earn their first ever seat in the House of Commons.

Incumbent Carolyn Bennett of the Liberals is running against Libertarian Kittridge, Conservative Heather Jewell, New Democrat Anita Agrawal, and Justin Erdman, a Green. Bennett was the Minister of Health under previous Prime Minister Paul Martin’s Liberal government. Since it was created in 1935, the riding has been batted about between the Liberals and the now defunct Progessive Conservative party.

The following is an interview with Mr. Kittridge, conducted via email. The interview has had very limited editing, to eliminate in-text mentions of website addresses, but is otherwise left exactly as sent to Wikinews.

Explosion at earthquake-damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant

Saturday, March 12, 2011

An explosion has been reported at Japan’s stricken Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant after its cooling system was damaged by a massive 8.9 magnitude earthquake that hit off the North-East coast of Japan on Friday. The explosion occurred at around 3:00pm local time (6:00am UTC). According to the plant’s operator, Tokyo Electric Power Company, four workers were injured in the explosion.

The explosion occurred as workers were attempting to cool a reactor by injecting water into its core. Local media are reporting that the plant’s exterior walls have been destroyed and only a skeleton structure remains.

More than 45,000 residents within a 10-kilometre radius of the plant have been evacuated.

Television reports show white smoke coming from the plant. Local authorities are warning residents in the vicinity of the plant to stay indoors, turn off air-conditioners and not to drink tap water. According to Japan’s nuclear agency, radioactive caesium and iodine has been identified at the plant. Authorities speculate that this indicates that containers holding uranium fuel at the site may have ruptured and are leaking.

The 11th Child Who Took The World By Yoga Storm B.K.S. Iyengar}

Submitted by: Social Engtuto

Bellur Krishnamachar Sundararaja Iyengar, popularly known as B.K.S. Iyengar was born in 1918 into a poor family in Kolar district Karnataka, India -southern India – He was the 11th of 13 children (10 of whom survived) born to Sri Krishnamachar, a school teacher, and Sheshamma.

When – B.K.S. Iyengar was five years old, his family moved to Bangalore. Four years later, the 9-year-old boy lost his father, who died of appendicitis.

At the age of 16, he was introduced to yoga by his Guru Sri T Krishnamacharya. When he was only 18 he was sent to Pune, Maharashtra by his master to educate and lecture yoga. He continued his journey in the field of yoga and went on to establish the style of yoga known as “Iyengar Yoga” and is viewed as one of the chief yoga educators on the planet. He composed many books on the yoga practice and philosophy.

In 1943, BKS Iyengar married Ramamani. He is father of five daughters namely Geeta, Vinita, Suchita, Sunita and Savitha and only son Prashant.

B.K.S. Iyengar educated many prominent personalities like , J Krishnamurti, Jayaprakash Narayan, Achyut Patwardhan and numerous doctors and industrialists. His lessons are much valued by one and all.

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Iyengar also supported nature conservation and had donated Rs. 2 million to the Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens, Mysore. In 1998, he taught 800 students for a week on the occasion of his 80th birthday at Pune.

The Indian government awarded Iyengar the Padma Shri in 1991, the Padma Bhushan in 2002 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2014In 2004, Iyengar was named one of the 100 most influential people in the world by Time magazine.

The Iconic Yoga Guru died on August 20, 2014, Pune. His devotees, students mourn his death to this date.

Some popular B.K.S. Iyengar quotes

Do not aim low, you will miss the mark. Aim high and you will be on a threshold of bliss.

Anything physical is always changing, therefore, its reality is not constant, not eternal.

When you have an anger, irritability, or disappointment mound, the conditioned reflex works like this: Suppose youre irritable with your parents, and your mother comes into the room. She might only say Dinners ready, but the irritability reflex is ready to spring up.

By drawing our senses of perception inward, we are able to experience the control, silence, and quietness of the mind.

Our flawed mechanisms of perception and thought are not a cause for grief, but an opportunity to evolve, for an internal evolution of consciousness that will also make possible, in a sustainable form, our aspirations toward what we call individual success and global progress.

Spirituality is not some external goal that one must seek, but a part of the divine core of each of us, which we must reveal.

When we free ourselves from physical disabilities, emotional disturbances, and mental distractions, we open the gates to our soul.

We must create a marriage between the awareness of the body and that of the mind. When two parties do not cooperate, there is unhappiness on both sides.

More quotes by B.K.S. Iyengar- (http://engtuto.com/b-k-s-iyengar-quotes/)

About the Author: Quotes By B.K.S. Iyengar –

engtuto.com/b-k-s-iyengar-quotes/

Sunil Rajpal

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Canadian Parliament suspended until late January

Friday, December 5, 2008 The Parliament of Canada has been suspended until January 26, 2009, by Prime Minster Stephen Harper. On Thursday, Harper obtained the consent of the Governor General, Michaëlle Jean, to prorogue Parliament, a procedure which suspends the legislature without dissolving it. This prevents the Parliament from overthrowing the government and avoids calling a new election.

A coalition of the Liberal Party of Canada and the New Democratic Party had looked ready to overthrow the Conservative Party of Canada’s minority government led by Harper.

“The first order of business will be the presentation of a federal budget,” Harper told reporters outside of the Governor’s Rideau Hall residence. “Let’s get on with actually working on a package. That’s what I think Canadians want us to do, is work on the economy and work together, work together in the interest in Canada.”

Stéphane Dion, the leader of the Liberal Party, who was positioned to become the new Prime Minister, said the coalition would still seek to replace Harper barring a “monumental change” in his policies.

“For the first time in the history of Canada, the prime minister of Canada is running away from the Parliament of Canada,” Dion said. He said Harper has “placed partisan politics ahead of the interest of all Canadians.”

“Nothing has changed for us,” added Dion. “We are more committed than ever with the coalition.”

New Democrat leader Jack Layton said it was a “sad day for parliamentary democracy,” and that Harper was trying to “escape accountability.”

“He’s put a lock on the door of the House of Commons and he refuses to face the people of Canada through their elected representatives,” Layton said, addressing press at the House of Commons.

On Wednesday evening, Prime Minister Harper spoke to Canadians in a televised address.

“The Opposition is attempting to impose this deal without your say, without your consent, and without your vote. This is no time for backroom deals with the separatists; it is the time for Canada’s government to focus on the economy and specifically on measures for the upcoming budget. This is a pivotal moment in our history,” Harper said.